ADCAPONE TABLET

82.00

10 tablets in 1 strip
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Description

Overview

INTRODUCTION

Adcapone Tablet is a prescription medicine used in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease. This medicine helps to treat excessive shaking by slowing down the body movements. It works by increasing the amount of dopamine, a chemical messenger that is needed to control the abnormal movements.

Adcapone Tablet has no antiparkinsonian effect on its own. It is used in combination with carbidopa/levodopa. It helps to treat wearing-off symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, such as stiffness, tremors, muscle spasms, and poor muscle control. It may be taken with or without food, preferably at bedtime. However, take it at the same time each day as this helps to maintain a consistent level of medicine in the body. Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor.

If you have missed a dose, take it as soon as you remember it. It is important that this medication is not stopped suddenly without talking to the doctor as it may worsen your condition. Your doctor may advise for periodic skin examination as it can cause melanoma.

Some common side effects of this medicine include nausea, vomiting, fatigue, confusion, constipation, insomnia(difficulty sleeping), nightmares, and increased sweating. It may also cause dizziness and sleepiness, so do not drive or do anything that requires mental focus until you know how this medicine affects you. It is common to have diarrhea with this medicine, so drink plenty of fluids and watch for weight loss. Inform your doctor if you develop any unusual changes in mood, an abnormally high sex drive, and hallucinations. It may cause your urine to change in a brownish-orange color but it is not harmful and usually resolves once treatment is completed. Please consult your doctor if these side effects worry you or do not go away.

USES OF ADCAPONE TABLET

  • Parkinson’s disease

SIDE EFFECTS OF ADCAPONE TABLET

Most side effects do not require any medical attention and disappear as your body adjusts to the medicine. Consult your doctor if they persist or if you’re worried about them

Common side effects of Adcapone

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Confusion
  • Constipation
  • Insomnia (difficulty in sleeping)
  • Nightmare
  • Hallucination
  • Increased sweating
  • Fall
  • Urine discoloration
  • Dizziness
  • Diarrhea
  • Muscle coordination impaired
  • Ischemic heart disease
  • Heart attack
  • Abdominal pain
  • Dryness in mouth

HOW TO COPE WITH SIDE EFFECTS?

The occurrence of side effects varies from person to person. The following are a few ways of dealing with some of the common side effects. However, consult your doctor if these persist.

  • Coping with Nausea
    You can help yourself by eating small, frequent meals rather than large ones and drinking plenty of fluids. Eat slowly. Avoid fatty, fried, spicy and very sweet foods. Eat cold or slightly warm food if the smell of cooked or cooking food makes you feel sick. Get plenty of fresh air. You could also try chewing ginger or drinking ginger tea. Eat bananas to replace potassium in your blood which can drop if you are sick (vomit). Use oral rehydration salts to replace vitamins and minerals lost through being sick. There are some medicines that can help you stop from feeling sick. Speak to your doctor if your condition does not improve.
  • Coping with Vomiting
    You can help yourself by eating small, frequent meals rather than large ones and drinking plenty of fluids. Eat slowly. Avoid fatty, fried, spicy and very sweet foods. Eat cold or slightly warm food if the smell of cooked or cooking food makes you feel sick. Get plenty of fresh air. You could also try chewing ginger or drinking ginger tea. Eat bananas to replace potassium in your blood which can drop if you are sick (vomit). Use oral rehydration salts to replace vitamins and minerals lost through being sick. There are some medicines that can help you stop feeling sick. Speak to your doctor if your condition does not improve.
  • Coping with Confusion
    If this medicine makes you feel this way, stop what you are doing and sit or lie down until you feel better. If the feeling does not go away or troubles you, do not take any more medicine and speak to a pharmacist or your doctor.
  • Coping with Constipation
    Try to eat foods which are high in fiber such as fresh fruits, vegetables and cereals to increase the bulk and consistency of bowel movements. Drink plenty of water or non-alcoholic drinks and stay hydrated to promote healthy digestion. Increasing physical activities such as walking, yoga and regular exercise can also be helpful. If your condition does not improve, you can ask your doctor to prescribe you laxative medicine.
  • Coping with Nightmare
    Try taking your medicine in the morning. If you have to take it more than once a day, speak to your doctor. To help yourself, try to go to bed and get up at the same time each day and reduce naps. Do some light exercise each day to tire yourself. Make sure the room is not too hot or too cold. Relax before bedtime, by having a bath or listening to music. Don’t go to bed hungry. Try using earplugs. Meditation, deep breathing and relaxation exercises can also help. Talk to your doctor if you have tried these tips and they have not helped.
  • Coping with Increased sweating
    Try wearing loose, light-weighted, and breathable clothing. Use a strong antiperspirant and keep yourself cool with a fan. Changing your shoes and socks often might also help. Try cutting down on coffee, tea, and alcohol as they can increase your body temperature and promote sweating. Avoid spicy foods, this will help you deal with excessive sweating. If this does not help, talk to your doctor about other possible medications.
  • Coping with Dizziness
    This is usually short-lived and should go away within a few days. If this happens, stop what you are doing and sit or lie down until you feel better. Lying still in a dark, quiet room may help reduce the spinning feeling. Sleep with your head slightly raised on two or more pillows. Get up slowly from a lying or sitting position. Get plenty of rest and try to relax as being anxious can make it worse. Try taking this medicine at bedtime to reduce the symptoms. Drinking plenty of water and ginger tea may also help. Avoid alcohol, caffeine and smoking as it will make you feel worse. Avoid driving or using tools or machinery until you feel better.
  • Coping with Diarrhea
    Keep up your intake of fluids and electrolytes (sugars and salts) to avoid getting dehydrated. Eat less fiber (avoid raw fruits, fruit juice and vegetables). Talk to your doctor about possible medication to manage diarrhea. Ask about reducing the dosage of your drug or other suitable treatments.
  • Coping with Abdominal pain
    In most cases, this is mild enough to be treated at home. Try to rest and relax. Putting a heat pad or covered hot water bottle on your stomach may also help. Having a warm bath or shower can help you relax and relieve the pain. Drink plenty of clear fluids such as water and reduce your intake of coffee, tea, lemon juice or soda. Avoid alcohol and smoking as these can aggravate the pain. Eating slowly and having smaller and more frequent meals can also help. If the pain is severe, speak to your doctor. They may be able to guide you better.
  • Coping with Dryness in mouth
    Keep a drink available that you can sip through the day. Rinse your mouth with warm salted water and chew sugarless gum or hard candy. Try breathing through your nose more often than your mouth. Avoid caffeinated beverages, smoking and alcohol because they can make your condition worse. Use lip balm if your lips are also dry. Try to avoid foods that are acidic (like lemons), spicy, salty or sugary. If this side effect bothers you or does not go away, talk to your doctor about artificial saliva products or other suitable treatments.
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HOW TO USE ADCAPONE TABLET

Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor. Swallow it as a whole. Do not chew, crush or break it. Adcapone Tablet may be taken with or without food, but it is better to take it at a fixed time.

HOW ADCAPONE TABLET WORKS

Adcapone Tablet is a selective reversible inhibitor which is given in combination with levodopa. It works by inhibiting a chemical messenger [catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT)] which in turn helps in increasing the amount of dopamine (chemical messenger) in the brain. Thus, an adequate amount of dopamine in the brain helps to coordinate body movements. This is how it works to control symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.

SAFETY ADVICE

warnings

Alcohol

UNSAFE
Adcapone Tablet may cause excessive drowsiness with alcohol.
warnings

Pregnancy

CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR
Adcapone Tablet may be unsafe to use during pregnancy. Although there are limited studies in humans, animal studies have shown harmful effects on the developing baby. Your doctor will weigh the benefits and any potential risks before prescribing it to you. Please consult your doctor.
warnings

Breastfeeding

CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR
Adcapone Tablet is probably unsafe to use during breastfeeding. Limited human data suggests that the drug may pass into the breastmilk and harm the baby.
warnings

Driving

CAUTION
Adcapone Tablet may cause dizziness or weakness due to low blood pressure. Do not drive if these symptoms occur.
warnings

Kidney

SAFE IF PRESCRIBED
Adcapone Tablet is probably safe to use in patients with kidney disease. Limited data available suggests that dose adjustment of Adcapone Tablet may not be needed in these patients. Please consult your doctor.
warnings

Liver

UNSAFE
Adcapone Tablet is probably unsafe to use in patients with liver disease and should be avoided. Please consult your doctor.

WHAT IF YOU FORGET TO TAKE ADCAPONE TABLET?

If you miss a dose of Adcapone Tablet, skip it and continue with your normal schedule. Do not double the dose.

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